Common Types of Lawyers

Lawyers encompass many different practice areas, and determining which type of lawyer to hire will depend on your specific legal needs. To help you identify which area might best fit your requirements, here is a list of some of the most common types of lawyers.

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Family Lawyer

A family lawyer might assist with a variety of different issues that directly affect a family, including estate planning, divorce, child custody arrangements, prenuptial agreements and post-divorce modification arrangements. A family lawyer may also intervene in child payment matters.

Estate Planning Lawyer

An estate planning lawyer typically ensures that affairs are in order should a situation like death or a medical dilemma arise. This could cover a variety of issues, such as establishing medical power of attorney, or creating a will so that assets will be divided among family members upon a person’s death. An estate planning lawyer may also create a trust for an individual.

Personal Injury Lawyer

A personal injury lawyer will intervene in situations where a person has become injured due to another person’s actions, whether intentional in nature or not. For example, if a drunk driver causes a car accident, a personal injury lawyer might try to build a case against that driver in order to seek compensation for medical bills or other damages for the other party. This type of lawyer might also work with medical malpractice lawsuits, birth defects or other similar situations.

Intellectual Property Lawyer

An Intellectual Property Lawyer works to protect anything that is not tangible, such as a song or a person’s idea. This typically revolves around copyrights, trademarks and patents, although a lawyer might chose to focus on only one of these aspects of an IP. A lawyer who specializes in patents, however, must have a technical background in an area and specific licensing. Some IP lawyers will assist with filing an IP, and others will assist with fighting in court to establish the true owner of an IP.

Bankruptcy Lawyer

A bankruptcy lawyer will assist in helping an individual get out of debt by filing bankruptcy. Some bankruptcy lawyers represent the debtor, while others represent the creditor. There are also several different types of bankruptcy, such as Chapter 7 and Chapter 11. Some bankruptcy lawyers will specialize in one or two specific types, and others may be able to assist with any type.

These are just a few examples of areas lawyers specialize in. While it may seem complicated to understand what type of lawyers handles which specific issues, it is probable that there is a lawyer in your area who specializes in the type of legal service you need.

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